A Study of the Relationship Between Job Related Stress and Temporomandibular Disorders in Accountants Working in Jakarta

Cindy Maura Saputra, Ira Tanti, Laura Susanti Himawan

Abstract


Stress is a known risk factor for Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD), however there are few studies of TMD in
people who work in high stress jobs. Accounting is a profession known for its high levels of stress and expectation.
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the intensity and frequency of job
related stress and the occurrence of TMD in accountants in Jakarta. Methods: A cross-sectional study, with ethics
approval from the Ethical Committee of the Faculty of Dentistry, University Indonesia, was performed on 116
accountants aged 21 to 50, living in Jakarta. Subjects were asked to complete two questionnaires; the first was the
Job Stress Survey questionnaire that examined the intensity and frequency of job related stress, and the second
was the TMD Diagnostic Index, which assessed TMD prevalence. Results: Fisher’s exact test showed a significant
relationship between the intensity of job related stress and the occurrence of TMD in accountants (p = 0.003).
Chi-square tests showed a significant relationship between the frequency of job related stress and the occurrence
of TMD in accountants (p = 0.032). Conclusion: There is a relationship between the intensity and frequency of
job related stress, and the occurrence of TMD in accountants.

Keywords


TMD; Job stress; Accountant

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