Application of 10% Ascorbic Acid Improves Resin Shear Bond Stregth in Bleached Dentin

Kamizar Kamizar, Endang Suprastiwi, Yusi Heptorina

Abstract


Restoration of the teeth immediately after bleaching with H2O2 35% is contraindicated due to the remnants of free radical that will stay inside dentin for 2-3 weeks which will compromise the adhesiveness of composite resin. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of 10% ascorbic acid on shear bond strength of composite placed on bleached dentin. Methods:Twenty seven samples were divided equally into three groups. Group 1: dentin was etched with 35% phosphoric acid; Group 2: dentin was bleached with 35% H2O2 followed by etching with 35% phosphoric acid; Group 3: dentin was bleached with 35% H2O2, followed by application of 10% ascorbic acid and etched with 35% phosphoric acid. All samples were then stored at 370C for 24 hours. The Universal Testing Machine was used to measure shear bond strength and the results were analyzed with Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney test. Results: After nine independent experiments, 10% ascorbic acid application on bleached dentin resulted in highest increased in bond stregth (56.04±11.06MPa) compared to Group 2 (29.09±7.63MPa) and Group 1 (25.55±2.22MPa) and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). Conclusion: Application of 10% ascorbic acid to the bleached dentin improved the shear bond strength of resin composite.


Keywords


10% ascorbic acid; dental bleaching; dentin; shear bond strength

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