Orofacial Disorders of Patients with End Stage Renal Disease Undergoing Haemodialysis

Yohana Gowara, Afi Sarsito, Parlindungan Siregar, Yuniardini S Wimardhani


Several orofacial disorders in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis have been reported. However, up to the present, particularly in Indonesia, such data still limited. Objective: the purpose of this study was to assess the orofacial disorders in patients with ESDR undergoing hemodialysis at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Indonesia. Methods: The study was conducted through observation using a cross-sectional design. The subjects were selected by consecutive sampling. Ninety-three patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria and enrolled in this study. They participated in the structural interview-using questionnaire assessing subjective complaints; clinical examinations; and salivary measurements. Results: Xerostomia (82.8%) dysgeusia (66.7%), metal taste (57%), perioral anesthesia (24.7%) were the common symptoms. Clinical findings consisted of tongue coating (100%), calculus deposits (97.8%), pallor of oral mucous (94.6%), sialosis (75.3%), uremic odor (40,9%), haemorrhagic spot (39.8%), angular cheilitis (37.7%), gingival bleeding (15.1%), and oral candidiasis (3.2%) were also found. Salivary changes showed the increase of salivary viscosity (86%), pH (80.6%), buffer capacity (76.3%) whereas decrease of mucous hydration level (79.6%) and the flow rates of unstimulated (22.6%) and stimulated (31.2%) whole saliva were observed. Conclusion: The findings of orofacial disorders required attention and further comprehensive management to enhance the quality of life of patients with ESDR.

DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v21i3.262


end stage renal disease; oral mucosa; orofacial disorder; saliva

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